The present study investigates the relationship between the aggregation state and dynamic properties of block ionomer complexes (BICs) based on amphiphilic ionic block copolymers. The polyion coupling of 4′- (aminomethyl)fluorescein (AMF)-labeled poly(sodium methacrylate) (PMANa) or polystyrene-block-poly(sodium carboxylates) with poly(N-ethyl-4-vinylpyridinium bromide), PEVP was studied at an excess of carboxylate groups [PEVP]/[COO -]TOTAL = 0.3 and detected by fluorescence quenching. The polyion interchange reactions included migration of PEVP between the following: (1) two linear polyanion chains, (2) linear polyanion chain and anionic polyion shell micelle, or (3) two anionic polyion shell micelles. Additionally, the interchange of AMF-labeled PMANa with unlabeled PMANa in the shell of polystyrene-block-PEVP micelles was studied. The interchange reactions were carried out at [PEVP]/[COO-]TOTAL = 0.15 and detected by fluorescence quenching (direct reaction) or ignition (reverse reaction). The rates of these reactions were compared using half-conversion times and, when possible, second-order reaction kinetic constants. The dependences of the rates on the ionic strength and polyion length observed for BICs were similar to those previously reported for regular interpolyelectrolyte complexes (IPECs) of linear polyions. However, the interchange reactions involving polyion shell micelles were much slower than those reactions observed in IPECs. The coupling reactions involving polyion shell micelles were also slower compared with the coupling of linear polyions. The observed phenomena were attributed to the aggregation state of polyion shell micelles and discussed using the collision model for polyion interchange reactions previously proposed for IPECs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry