Post-chemotherapy and cytokine pretreated marrow stromal cell layers suppress hematopoiesis from normal donor CD34+ cells

G. N. Schwartz, M. K. Warren, S. W. Rothwell, J. Zujewski, D. C. Halverson, K. H. Cowan, A. Tolcher, J. O'Shaughnessy, R. E. Gress

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Marrow stromal layers were used to investigate the potential role of negative regulators produced by the marrow microenvironment as one potential cause of hematopoietic suppression after chemotherapy and cytokines. Stromal layers were established from marrow of normal or prechemotherapy donors and breast cancer patients after hematological recovery from one cycle of 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide and GM-CSF or PIXY321 (GM-CSF/IL-3 fusion protein). Normal donor CD34+ cells were placed in contact with stromal layers, and the number of colony-forming units for granulocytes and macrophages (CFU-GM) was determined. There were 25-79% fewer CFU-GM in post-chemotherapy stromal layer cocultures than in no chemotherapy cocultures. With neutralizing antibody to TNF-α the number of CFU-GM in no chemotherapy and post-chemotherapy stromal cocultures was, respectively, 96 ± 7% (n = 5) and 142 ± 8% (n = 5) of the number with no antibody treatment. PIXY321 and GM-CSF pretreated stromal layers also suppressed production of CFU-GM. Anti-TNF-α promoted an increase in CFU-GM numbers from GM-CSF, but not PIXY321, pretreated stromal cocultures. The results demonstrate that post-chemotherapy marrow stromal layers were deficient in supporting in vitro hematopoiesis and suggest that negative regulators induced by chemotherapy and cytokines may be one cause for this defect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-468
Number of pages12
JournalBone marrow transplantation
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Bone marrow
  • Hematopoiesis
  • Stem cells
  • Stromal cells
  • TNF-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation


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