Postexcitatory depression of baroreceptors in dogs with experimental heart failure

W. Wang, J. S. Chen, I. H. Zucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The phenomenon of postexcitatory depression (PED) of baroreceptors is related to augmentation of Na+-K+-adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) activity. To provide additional evidence to support the hypothesis that dogs with chronic heart failure have augmented Na+-K+-ATPase activity in baroreceptor endings, the present study was undertaken to compare the duration of the PED of carotid sinus baroreceptors from normal and heart failure dogs. The effect of perfusion of the carotid sinus with a cardiac glycoside was also investigated. Eight normal and six dogs with experimental heart failure induced by ventricular pacing (250 beats/min for ~5 wk) were used in this study. Dogs were anesthetized, and the carotid sinus was isolated and perfused. Single baroreceptor units from the carotid sinus nerve were recorded, and the duration of the PED was measured. The relationship between the magnitude of the pressure steps and the duration of PED was determined. Duration of PED was significantly prolonged in the heart failure group at each pressure step (range from 2.7 to 9.0 s compared with 0.5 to 2.9 s in normal dogs). For the relationship between the duration of the pressure step and duration of PED, the heart failure dogs exhibited a markedly longer duration of PED than the normal dogs (range from 2.3 to 12.4 s compared with 0.5 to 5.3 s in normal dogs). Perfusion of the carotid sinus with very low doses of ouabain decreased the duration of PED in the heart failure dogs; however, there was no such effect in the normal dogs. These data are consistent with the view that baroreceptor membranes have increased Na+-K+-ATPase activity in heart failure. This enhanced activity, in turn, would reduce baroreceptor sensitivity in the heart failure state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H1160-H1165
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume260
Issue number4 29/4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Keywords

  • Adenosinetriphosphatase
  • Baroreflex
  • Blood pressure
  • Ouabain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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