Postoperative respiratory failure after thyroid and parathyroid surgery: Analysis of national surgical quality improvement program

Prateek K. Gupta, Himani Gupta, Bala Natarajan, Shreya Shetty, Russell B. Smith, Robert Lindau, Xiang Fang, William M. Lydiatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The risk-benefit analysis of any operation is influenced by its perioperative complications. Our objective was to examine the relationship between preoperative clinical characteristics and postoperative respiratory failure (PRF: mechanical ventilation for >48 hours after surgery or reintubation) within 30 days of thyroid and parathyroid surgeries. Methods American College of Surgeons' multicenter, prospective, National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) datasets (2007/2008) were used. Multivariable logistic regression was performed. Results Eighty-three of 20,778 (0.4%) patients developed PRF. Comparing patients who developed PRF to those who did not, 30-day mortality was seen in 13 of 83 versus 11 of 20,695 patients (p <.0001); and mean length of stay (LOS) was 9.1 (±9.5) days versus 1.1 (±1.6) days (p <.0001). Multivariable analysis demonstrated preoperative pneumonia, dependent functional status, dyspnea, dialysis dependence, hypertension, advanced age, and combined thyroid and parathyroid surgery as risk factors for PRF. Conclusion PRF after thyroid and parathyroid surgeries is uncommon, but associated with significantly increased 30-day morbidity and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-327
Number of pages7
JournalHead and Neck
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • parathyroidectomy
  • postoperative
  • reintubation
  • respiratory failure
  • thyroidectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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    Gupta, P. K., Gupta, H., Natarajan, B., Shetty, S., Smith, R. B., Lindau, R., Fang, X., & Lydiatt, W. M. (2012). Postoperative respiratory failure after thyroid and parathyroid surgery: Analysis of national surgical quality improvement program. Head and Neck, 34(3), 321-327. https://doi.org/10.1002/hed.21723