Postural sway in individuals with type 2 diabetes and concurrent benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

Linda J. D'Silva, Patricia M. Kluding, Susan L. Whitney, Hongying Dai, Marcio Santos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background andpurpose: diabetes has been shown to affect the peripheral vestibular end organs and is associated with an increase in the frequency of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). People with diabetes have higher postural sway; however, the impact of symptomatic BPPV on postural sway in individuals with diabetes is unclear. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine postural sway in people with type 2 diabetes who have symptomatic, untreated BPPV (BPPVDM). Methods: fifty-two participants (mean age 56.9 ± 5.6 years) were enrolled: controls (n = 14), diabetes (n = 14), BPPV only (n = 13) and BPPVDM (n = 11). An inertial motion sensor was used to detect pelvic acceleration across five standing conditions with eyes open/closed on firm/foam surfaces. Range of acceleration (cm/s2), peak velocity (cm/s) and variability of sway [root mean square (RMS)] in the anterior-posterior (AP) and medial-lateral (ML) directions were used to compare postural sway between groups across conditions. Results: participants with BPPVDM had higher ranges of acceleration in the AP (p = 0.02) and ML (p = 0.02) directions, as well as higher peak velocity (p < 0.001) and RMS values (p = 0.006) in the AP direction compared to the control and diabetes groups. Standing on foam with eyes closed and tandem stance were challenging conditions for people with BPPVDM. Conclusion: clinicians may consider using standing on foam with eyes closed and tandem standing with eyes open to assess postural control in people with BPPVDM to identify postural instability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1065-1073
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Neuroscience
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Postural sway
  • accelerometry
  • benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
  • symptomatic
  • type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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