Potential therapeutic targets for Mpox: the evidence to date

Siddappa N. Byrareddy, Kalicharan Sharma, Shrikesh Sachdev, Athreya S. Reddy, Arpan Acharya, Kaylee M. Klaustermeier, Christian L. Lorson, Kamal Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: The global Mpox (MPX) disease outbreak caused by the Mpox virus (MPXV) in 2022 alarmed the World Health Organization (WHO) and health regulation agencies of individual countries leading to the declaration of MPX as a Public Health Emergency. Owing to the genetic similarities between smallpox-causing poxvirus and MPXV, vaccine JYNNEOS, and anti-smallpox drugs Brincidofovir and Tecovirimat were granted emergency use authorization by the United States Food and Drug Administration. The WHO also included cidofovir, NIOCH-14, and other vaccines as treatment options. Areas covered: This article covers the historical development of EUA-granted antivirals, resistance to these antivirals, and the projected impact of signature mutations on the potency of antivirals against currently circulating MPXV. Since a high prevalence of MPXV infections in individuals coinfected with HIV and MPXV, the treatment results among these individuals have been included. Expert opinion: All EUA-granted drugs have been approved for smallpox treatment. These antivirals show good potency against Mpox. However, conserved resistance mutation positions in MPXV and related poxviruses, and the signature mutations in the 2022 MPXV can potentially compromise the efficacy of the EUA-granted treatments. Therefore, MPXV-specific medications are required not only for the current but also for possible future outbreaks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-431
Number of pages13
JournalExpert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • BrincidofovirBrincidofovir
  • C19L
  • Cidofovir
  • F8L
  • Mpox
  • OPG57
  • OPG71
  • Tecovirimat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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