Hypothesis: Power reflectance (PR) measurements in ears with superior canal dehiscence (SCD) have a characteristic pattern, the detection of which can assist in diagnosis.
Background: The aim of this study was to determine whether PR coupled with a novel detection algorithm can perform well as a fast, noninvasive, and easy screening test for SCD. The screening test aimed to determine whether patients with various vestibular and/or auditory symptom(s) should be further considered for more expensive and invasive tests that better define the diagnosis of SCD (and other third-window lesions).
Methods: Power reflectance was measured in patients diagnosed with SCD by high-resolution computed tomography. The study included 40 ears from 32 patients with varying symptoms (e.g., with and without conductive hearing loss, vestibular symptoms, and abnormal auditory sensations).
Results: Power reflectance results were compared to previously published norms and showed that SCD is commonly associated with a PR notch near 1 kHz. An analysis algorithm was designed to detect such notches and to quantify their incidence in affected and normal ears. Various notch detection thresholds yielded sensitivities of 80% to 93%, specificities of 69% to 72%, negative predictive values of 84% to 93%, and a positive predictive value of 67%.
Conclusion: This study shows evidence that PR measurements together with the proposed notch-detecting algorithm can be used to quickly and effectively screen patients for thirdwindow lesions such as SCD in the early stages of a diagnostic workup.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Otology and Neurotology|
|State||Published - Jan 20 2015|
- Energy reflectance
- Power reflectance
- Superior canal dehiscence
- Superior semicircular canal dehiscenceVWideband acoustic immittance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Clinical Neurology