Prediagnostic proinflammatory dietary potential is associated with all-cause mortality among african-American women with high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma

Lauren C. Peres, James R. Hebert, Bo Qin, Kristin A. Guertin, Elisa V. Bandera, Nitin Shivappa, Tareq F. Camacho, Deanna Chyn, Anthony J. Alberg, Jill S. Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa L. Bondy, Michele L. Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Patricia G. Moorman, Edward S. Peters, Ann G. Schwartz, Paul D. Terry, Joellen M. Schildkraut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: Chronic inflammation is associated with ovarian carcinogenesis; yet, the impact of inflammatory-related exposures on outcomes has been understudied. Objective: Given the poor survival of women diagnosed with ovarian cancer, especially African-Americans, we examined whether diet-Associated inflammation, a modifiable source of chronic systemic inflammation measured by the dietary inflammatory index (DII), was associated with all-cause mortality among African-American women with ovarian carcinoma. Methods: Data were available from 490 ovarian carcinoma patients enrolled in a population-based case-control study of African-American women with ovarian cancer, the African-American Cancer Epidemiology Study. Energy-Adjusted DII (E-DII) scores were calculated based on prediagnostic dietary intake of foods alone or foods and supplements, which was self-reported using the 2005 Block Food Frequency Questionnaire. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate risk of mortality overall and for the most common histotype, high-grade serous carcinoma. Additionally, we assessed interaction by age at diagnosis and smoking status. Results: Women included in this study had a median age of 57 y, and the majority of women were obese (58%), had late-stage disease (Stage III or IV, 66%), and had high-grade serous carcinoma (64%). Greater E-DII scores including supplements (indicating greater inflammatory potential) were associated with an increased risk of mortality among women with high-grade serous carcinoma (HR1-unit change: 1.08; 95% CI: 1.01, 1.17). Similar associations were observed for the E-DII excluding supplements, although not statistically significant (HR1-unit change: 1.07; 95% CI: 0.97, 1.17). There was an interaction by smoking status, where the positive association with mortality was present only among ever smokers (HRQuartile 4/Quartile 1: 2.36; 95% CI: 1.21, 4.60) but not among never smokers. Conclusions: Greater inflammatory potential of prediagnostic diet may adversely impact prognosis among African-American women with high-grade serous carcinoma, and specifically among ever smokers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1606-1616
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • African-American women
  • cancer epidemiology
  • diet
  • dietary inflammatory index
  • gynecologic malignancies
  • inflammation
  • ovarian cancer
  • race/ethnicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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