Predicting maximal aerobic capacity (V̇O 2max) from the critical velocity test in female collegiate rowers

Kristina L. Kendall, David H. Fukuda, Abbie E. Smith, Joel T. Cramer, Jeffrey R. Stout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between the critical velocity (CV) test and maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O 2max) and develop a regression equation to predict V̇O 2max based on the CV test in female collegiate rowers. Thirty-five female (mean ± SD; age, 19.38 ± 1.3 years; height, 170.27 ± 6.07 cm; body mass, 69.58 ± 0.3 1 kg) collegiate rowers performed 2 incremental V̇O 2max tests to volitional exhaustion on a Concept II Model D rowing ergometer to determine V̇O 2max. After a 72-hour rest period, each rower completed 4 time trials at varying distances for the determination of CV and anaerobic rowing capacity (ARC). A positive correlation was observed between CV and absolute V̇O 2max (r = 0.775, p < 0.001) and ARC and absolute V̇O 2max (r = 0.414, p = 0.040). Based on the significant correlation analysis, a linear regression equation was developed to predict the absolute V̇O 2max from CV and ARC (absolute V̇O 2max = 1.579[CV] +0.008[ARC] - 3.838; standard error of the estimate [SEE] = 0.192 L·min -1). Cross validation analyses were performed using an independent sample of 10 rowers. There was no significant difference between the mean predicted V̇O 2max (3.02 L·min -1) and the observed V̇O 2max (3.10 L·min -1). The constant error, SEE and validity coefficient (r) were 0.076 L·min -1, 0.144 L·min -1, and 0.72, respectively. The total error value was 0.155 L·min -1. The positive relationship between CV, ARC, and V̇O 2max suggests that the CV test may be a practical alternative to measuring the maximal oxygen uptake in the absence of a metabolic cart. Additional studies are needed to validate the regression equation using a larger sample size and different populations (junior- and senior-level female rowers) and to determine the accuracy of the equation in tracking changes after a training intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)733-738
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Aerobic power
  • Maximal oxygen consumption
  • Prediction equation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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