Predicting scheduling self-efficacy in older adult exercisers: The role of task cohesion

Paul A. Estabrooks, Albert V. Carron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The study examined the relative influence of 2 forms of task cohesion on older adult exercisers' (N = 82) self-efficacy to schedule exercise into their weekly routine. Participants had been involved with the exercise program for at least 4 months before the study began. A sequencing protocol was used to allow for task cohesion's influence on scheduling self-efficacy. Task cohesion, as measured by the Group Environment Questionnaire, was assessed during the 1st week of exercise classes after a holiday. Scheduling self-efficacy was assessed at midprogram. Attractions to the group-task and group-integration-task cohesion were sequentially entered into a hierarchical regression analysis while recent attendance was controlled for. Results showed individual attractions to the group task accounted for most of the variance in scheduling self-efficacy, R2=.10, F(2, 80) = 4.22, p=.02; the addition of group-integration task also significantly (p < .05) added variance, R2 =.13, F(3, 79) = 3.79, p = .01.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-50
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Elderly
  • Group dynamics
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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