Prediction of tensile strength of fused deposition modeling (FDM) printed PLA using classic laminate theory

Shilpesh R. Rajpurohit, Harshit K. Dave, Kamlakar P. Rajurkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The application of Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) is restricted due to limited information about the mechanical properties of printed parts. Therefore, it is required to determine the mechanical properties of the FDM properties to avail the full benefit of the FDM process. In the present study, Classic Laminate Theory (CLT) has been employed at the different configurations of layer thickness and raster width. The required elastic constant of material for CLT has been experimentally obtained through FDM printed Polylactic Acid (PLA) unidirectional specimens at 0°, 45° and 90° for different combinations of layer height and raster width. For these different combinations of layer height and raster width, constitutive models were developed to predict the tensile properties of the PLA parts. Tensile strength of the FDM printed bi-directional specimens has been experimentally obtained to validate the proposed CLT model results. The experimental tensile strength data is in good agreement with the data predicted by the proposed CLT model. Higher tensile strength and modulus were achieved with 0° raster angle compared to 90° raster angle. In the case of a bi-directional printed specimen, higher tensile strength was obtained with 45°/-45° raster angle followed by 30°/-60° and 0°/90° raster angle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-24
Number of pages12
JournalEngineering Solid Mechanics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2022


  • Classic laminate theory
  • Fused deposition Modeling
  • Layer height
  • Raster angle
  • Raster width
  • Tensile strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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