Predictive Value of Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Risk Group Stratification of Prostate Adenocarcinoma

Benjamin T. Bonebrake, Elsa Parr, Linda My Huynh, Brendan Coutu, Neil Hansen, Benjamin Teply, Charles Enke, Chad Lagrange, Michael Baine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The aim of this study was to further assess the clinical utility of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MP-MRI) in prostate cancer (PC) staging following 2023 clinical guideline changes, both as an independent predictor of high-stage (>T3a) or high-risk PC and when combined with patient characteristics. Methods and Materials: The present study was a retrospective review of 171 patients from 2008 to 2018 who underwent MP-MRI before radical prostatectomy at a single institution. The accuracy of clinical staging was compared between conventional staging and MP-MRI-based clinical staging. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were compared, and receiver operating characteristic curves were generated. Linear regression analyses were used to calculate concordance (C-statistic). Results: Of the 171 patients, final pathology revealed 95 (55.6%) with T2 disease, 62 (36.3%) with T3a disease, and 14 (8.2%) with T3b disease. Compared with conventional staging, MP-MRI-based staging demonstrated significantly increased accuracy in identifying T3a disease, intermediate risk, and high/very-high-risk PC. When combined with clinical characteristics, MP-MRI-based staging improved the area under the curve from 0.753 to 0.808 (P = .0175), compared with conventional staging. Conclusions: MP-MRI improved the identification of T3a PC, intermediate-risk PC, and high- or very-high-risk PC. Further, when combined with clinical characteristics, MP-MRI-based staging significantly improved risk stratification, compared with conventional staging. These findings represent further evidence to support the integration of MP-MRI into prostate adenocarcinoma clinical staging guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101493
JournalAdvances in Radiation Oncology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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