Predictors of 90-Day Readmission Rate After Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysm Repair

Christopher D. Roark, Cheryl Beseler, Laura K. Wiley, David Case, Zach Folzenlogen, Patrick Hosokawa, Joshua Seinfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The repair of unruptured intracranial aneurysms has increased since 2000. In this study, we analyzed the Nationwide Readmission Database (NRD) to determine the rate of 90-day readmission. Our objective is to examine readmission trends after unruptured aneurysm repair. Methods: This study used the 2013 and 2014 NRD. Patient data included standard demographic, comorbidity, and payer information. We selected patients who had undergone microsurgical or endovascular repair for a nonruptured aneurysm. We excluded patients who were under 18 years of age, had a subarachnoid hemorrhage, or were discharged to home the same day. Readmission was calculated by counting the number of days between the end of the index visit and earliest readmission date. Results: A total of 2180 of 29,694 patients (7.34%) were readmitted within 90 days of their initial hospitalization. They were younger (mean, 52.6 years; 95% confidence interval [CI], 51.4–53.8) than patients not readmitted (mean, 57.4 years; 95% CI, 57.1–57.8; P < 0.0001). In total, endovascular repair was more frequent than microsurgery (79.8% vs. 20.2%, respectively). Mean days to readmission was 41.8 (95% CI, 39.7–43.9) and was higher for women (P < 0.0001). The odds ratio for readmission after an endovascular repair was 1.54 (95% CI, 1.27–1.86). Conclusions: In this study of over 28,000 patients treated for an unruptured aneurysm, the 90-day readmission rate was 7.34%. Endovascular patients had higher odds of readmission than microsurgical patients. Patients with common medical comorbidities (hypertension, obesity, renal failure, and diabetes) were less likely to be readmitted than patients without those conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e728-e735
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume141
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endovascular repair
  • Epidemiology
  • Intracranial aneurysm
  • Microsurgical clip ligation
  • Readmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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