Preliminary assessment of an integrated SMOS and MODIS application for global agricultural drought monitoring

N. Sanchez, A. Gonzalez-Zamora, J. Martinez-Fernandez, M. Piles, M. Pablos, Brian Wardlow, Tsegaye Tadesse, Mark Svoboda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

An application of the Soil Moisture Agricultural Drought Index (SMADI) for global agricultural drought monitoring is presented. The index integrates surface soil moisture from the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission with the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) land surface temperature (LST) and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and allows for global drought monitoring at medium spatial scales (0.05°). Biweekly maps of SMADI were obtained from year 2010 to 2015 over all agricultural areas on Earth. The SMADI time-series were compared with state-of-the-art drought indices over the Iberian Peninsula. Results show a good agreement between SMADI and the Crop Moisture Index (CMI) retrieved at five weather stations (with correlation coefficient, R from -0.64 to -0.79) and the Soil Water Deficit Index (SWDI) at the Soil Moisture Measurement Stations Network of the University of Salamanca (REMEDHUS) (R=0.83). Some preliminary tests were also made over the continental United States using the Vegetation Drought Response Index (VegDRI), with very encouraging results regarding the spatial occurrence of droughts during summer seasons. Additionally, SMADI allowed to identify distinctive patterns of regional drought over the Indian Peninsula in spring of 2012. Overall results support the use of SMADI for monitoring agricultural drought events world-wide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
Subtitle of host publicationInternational Cooperation for Global Awareness, IGARSS 2017 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2000-2003
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781509049516
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017
Event37th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2017 - Fort Worth, United States
Duration: Jul 23 2017Jul 28 2017

Publication series

NameInternational Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
Volume2017-July

Conference

Conference37th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityFort Worth
Period7/23/177/28/17

Keywords

  • Drought
  • MODIS
  • NDVI
  • SMOS
  • agro-ecosystems
  • land surface temperature
  • soil moisture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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