Recent years have seen the development of a number of reagentless, electrochemical sensors based on the target-induced folding or unfolding of electrode-bound oligonucleotides, with examples reported to date, including sensors for the detection of specific nucleic acids, proteins, small molecules and inorganic ions. These devices, which are often termed electrochemical DNA (E-DNA) and E-AB (electrochemical, aptamer-based) sensors, are comprised of an oligonucleotide probe modified with a redox reporter (in this protocol methylene blue) at one terminus and attached to a gold electrode via a thiol-gold bond at the other. Binding of an analyte to the oligonucleotide probe changes its structure and dynamics, which, in turn, influences the efficiency of electron transfer to the interrogating electrode. This class of sensors perform well even when challenged directly with blood serum, soil and other complex, multicomponent sample matrices. This protocol describes the fabrication of E-DNA and E-AB sensors. The protocol can be completed in 12 h.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)