Multiple myeloma (MM) is the second most common hematologic malignancy with an increasing incidence and prevalence. The wide array of effective antimyeloma agents have transformed MM into a chronic condition for some patients, requiring long-term management planning. Immunomodulatory drugs and proteasome inhibitors have played a pivotal role in defining the most effective regimens for both transplantation-eligible and transplantation-ineligible subgroups. Nevertheless, recent approvals of immunotherapies in MM such as daratumumab have added another important component to combination treatments for both relapsed or refractory and newly diagnosed disease. Evolving novel therapies such as chimeric antigen receptor T cells are poised to raise the bar even further, holding a promise of effective treatment option for patients who would otherwise have limited treatment alternatives. As we continue to therapeutically exploit the essential roles of cell-mediated immune surveillance, antigen presentation, and modulation of inhibitory surface signaling, we are rapidly establishing the cornerstone role of immunotherapies in the management of all phases of MM. In this review, we will cover the spectrum of available immunotherapies approved for clinical use in MM, as well as briefly describe those in early- and late-phase development, with the focus of raising the awareness of the expanding immuno-oncology armamentarium in MM.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy