Preterm neurodevelopmental outcomes following orosensory entrainment intervention

Diane Frome Loeb, Caitlin M. Imgrund, Jaehoon Lee, Steven M. Barlow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Previous research indicates that the NTrainer, a pressurized pacifier programmed to produce pulsed pneumotactile stimulation during gavage feeds, has been found to facilitate non-nutritive suck development and shorten the length of hospital stay when used in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Four groups of children, including infants of diabetic mothers (IDM), healthy controls (HI), and those with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), or chronic lung disease (CLD), were randomly assigned to an NTrainer therapy or sham ‘control’ condition when in the NICU. At 30 months of age, 113/223 study participants were assessed using standardized language, motor, and cognitive assessments. No significant group differences were evident between the NTrainer and sham groups in language, motor, or cognitive functioning. The NTrainer did not improve nor adversely impact language, cognition, or motor outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-207
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Neonatal Nursing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2018


  • Cognitive
  • Entrainment
  • Intervention
  • Language
  • Motor
  • Orosensory
  • Outcomes
  • Preterm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics


Dive into the research topics of 'Preterm neurodevelopmental outcomes following orosensory entrainment intervention'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this