Pretreatment CLR 124 Positron Emission Tomography Accurately Predicts CLR 131 Three-Dimensional Dosimetry in a Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Patient

Abigail E. Besemer, Joseph J. Grudzinski, Jamey P. Weichert, Lance T. Hall, Bryan P. Bednarz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Introduction: CLR1404 is a theranostic molecular agent that can be radiolabeled with 124 I (CLR 124) for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, or 131 I (CLR 131) for single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging and targeted radionuclide therapy. This pilot study evaluated a pretreatment dosimetry methodology in a triple-negative breast cancer patient who was uniquely enrolled in both a CLR 124 PET imaging clinical trial and a CLR 131 therapeutic dose escalation clinical trial. Materials and Methods: Three-dimensional PET/CT images were acquired at 1, 3, 24, 48, and 120 h postinjection of 178 MBq CLR 124. One month later, pretherapy 2D whole-body planar images were acquired at 0.25, 5, 24, 48, and 144 h postinjection of 370 MBq CLR 131. Following the therapeutic administration of 1990 MBq CLR 131, 3D SPECT/CT images were acquired at 74, 147, 334, and 505 h postinjection. The therapeutic CLR 131 voxel-level absorbed dose was estimated from PET (RAPID PET) and SPECT (RAPID SPECT) images using a Geant4-based Monte Carlo dosimetry platform called RAPID (Radiopharmaceutical Assessment Platform for Internal Dosimetry), and region of interest (ROI) mean doses were also estimated using the OLINDA/EXM software based on PET (OLINDA PET), SPECT (OLINDA SPECT), and planar (OLINDA planar) images. Results: The RAPID PET and OLINDA PET tracer-predicted ROI mean doses correlated well (m ≥ 0.631, R 2 ≥ 0.694, p ≤ 0.01) with both the RAPID SPECT and OLINDA SPECT therapeutic mean doses. The 2D planar images did not have any significant correlations. The ROI mean doses differed by -4% to -43% between RAPID and OLINDA/EXM, and by -19% to 29% between PET and SPECT. The 3D dose distributions and dose volume histograms calculated with RAPID were similar for the PET/CT and SPECT/CT. Conclusions: This pilot study demonstrated that CLR 124 pretreatment PET images can be used to predict CLR 131 3D therapeutic dosimetry better than CLR 131 2D planar images. In addition, unlike OLINDA/EXM, Monte Carlo dosimetry methods were capable of accurately predicting dose heterogeneity, which is important for predicting dose-response relationships and clinical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-23
Number of pages11
JournalCancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 19 2019


  • CLR 124
  • CLR 131
  • CLR1404
  • Monte Carlo
  • internal dosimetry
  • radiopharmaceuticals
  • targeted radionuclide therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research


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