Prevalence and factors associated with youth vaping cessation intention and quit attempts

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the prevalence and factors associated with youth vaping cessation behaviors. METHODS: Current (past 30-day) electronic-cigarette (e-cigarette) users from the 2020 National Youth Tobacco Survey (n 5 1660, typically aged 11–18 years) were analyzed to examine the prevalence of youth intention to quit vaping, past-year quit attempts, and the frequency of quit attempts. Multivariable logistic or linear regressions were performed to assess the correlates with youth vaping cessation behaviors. RESULTS: In 2020, 53.4% of current e-cigarette users reported intention to quit vaping and 67.4% reported having tried to quit vaping. Intention to quit was lower among female individuals (versus male individuals, adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 5 0.7, P 5 .0004), users of a modifiable system (versus disposable e-cigarettes, aOR 5 0.4, P 5 .0204), and dual or poly users (versus sole e-cigarette use, aOR 5 0.7, P 5 .0144). e-cigarette harm perception was positively associated with intention to quit (aOR 5 2.2, P < .0001) and past-year quit attempts (aOR 5 1.6, P 5 .0037). Reasons for e-cigarette use were related to cessation behaviors. Adolescents who vaped because of curiosity had higher odds of past-year quit attempts (aOR 5 1.4, P 5 .0306), whereas users to disguise vaping had a lower likelihood of intention to quit (aOR50.4, P < .0001) and past-year quit attempts (aOR 5 0.7, P 5 .0126). The average number of past-year quit attempts was 5.3, and it was lower among female individuals (versus male individuals), users of e-cigarettes with prefilled pods or cartridges (versus disposable e-cigarettes), and those with nicotine cravings (versus no nicotine craving). CONCLUSIONS: Intention to quit vaping and past-year quit attempts are prevalent among US adolescent e-cigarette users. The study findings inform the development of multifaceted vaping cessation programs to take sex, e-cigarette devices, vaping reasons and patterns, harm perception, and nicotine dependence into account.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2021050164
JournalPediatrics
Volume148
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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