Preventing Medical Device–Related Pressure Injuries Due to Noninvasive Ventilation Masks and Nasal Cannulas

Kaitlyn Jenae Duerst, Austin William Clark, Diane Grace Brage Hudson, Leeza Ann Struwe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Medical device–related pressure injuries attributed to oxygen delivery devices are common yet preventable. Pressure injuries increase hospital costs, patients’ length of stay, and mortality rates. Objective To decrease medical device–related pressure injuries by transitioning patients from an over-thenose noninvasive ventilation mask to a single-headset, interchangeable under-the-nose and over-the-nose noninvasive ventilation mask; replacing polyvinyl chloride nasal cannulas with a softer nasal cannula; and providing staff education on preventing pressure injuries related to oxygen delivery devices. Methods The project was implemented on 4 adult inpatient units with a total of 75 inpatient beds at an academic medical center. Interventions included implementing the trial noninvasive ventilation masks and nasal cannulas, alternating masks every 4 hours, relocating protective dressings, promoting the use of protective dressings for over-the-nose oral-nasal masks, and educating health care staff. Results In the 2 months before implementation (September and October 2020), 1 medical device–related pressure injury was caused by a noninvasive ventilation mask and 4 injuries were caused by nasal cannulas. During the 2 months of trial implementation (November and December 2020), no pressure injuries developed in patients using the trial devices. Discussion The interventions implemented had clinically relevant results. A larger sample size would be necessary to determine statistical significance. Postintervention data indicated a need for further education on evidence-based practice guidelines on mask alternation and use of preventive dressings to bolster compliance. Conclusion Following institutional approval, all noninvasive ventilation masks and nasal cannulas were transitioned to the trial devices at the study institution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-21
Number of pages8
JournalCritical Care Nurse
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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