Primary Inadequate Weight Loss After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Is not Associated with Poor Cardiovascular or Metabolic Outcomes: Experience from a Single Institution

Ivy N. Haskins, Ricard Corcelles, Dvir Froylich, Mena Boules, Amani Hag, Bartolome Burguera, Phillip R. Schauer, Matthew Kroh, Stacy A. Brethauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: It is well accepted that bariatric surgery has cardiovascular and metabolic effects independent of weight loss. Methods: Weight loss outcomes of patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) at a high volume referral center were collected at 1 year postoperatively. Patients with failed primary weight loss were identified. Primary inadequate weight loss was defined as total body weight loss less than 15 %. Changes in hypertension (HTN), dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and metabolic syndrome profiles were investigated using Student’s t test. Results: A total of 2500 patients underwent RYGB from the years 2001–2013 at our institution. One hundred five (4.2 %) patients had primary inadequate weight loss. Within this cohort, 81 (77.1 %) patients had hypertension, 67 (63.8 %) had dyslipidemia, 53 (50.5 %) had type 2 diabetes mellitus, and 66 (62.9 %) patients had metabolic syndrome. At 1 year postoperatively, all metabolic parameters were significantly improved. Measures of metabolic disease included high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (46.3 ± 11.6 versus 54.1 ± 12.7 mg/dL, p < 0.01), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (103.6 ± 35.8 versus 89.2 ± 30.0 mg/dL, p < 0.01), triglycerides (177.3 ± 139.1 versus 117.6 ± 59.3 mg/dL, p < 0.01), mean plasma glucose (128.9 ± 55.3 versus 102.7 ± 27.3 mg/dL, p < 0.01), and hemoglobin A1C (7.3 ± 1.9 versus 6.1 ± 1.0 %, p < 0.01). HTN was noted to improve in 27 (33.3 %) patients based on a decrease in the number of anti-hypertensives used (1.7 ± 1.0 versus 1.3 ± 1.3, p < 0.01), and 21 (31.8 %) patients had resolution of their metabolic syndrome. Conclusion: Improvement in cardiometabolic comorbidities still occurs despite suboptimal weight loss following RYGB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)676-680
Number of pages5
JournalObesity Surgery
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Gastric bypass
  • Metabolic outcomes
  • Obesity
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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