PrimPol Variant V102A with Altered Primase and Polymerase Activities

Elizaveta O. Boldinova, Andrey G. Baranovskiy, Yulia V. Filina, Regina R. Miftakhova, Yana F. Shamsutdinova, Tahir H. Tahirov, Alena V. Makarova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PrimPol is a human DNA primase-polymerase which restarts DNA synthesis beyond DNA lesions and non-B DNA structures blocking replication. Disfunction of PrimPol in cells leads to slowing of DNA replication rates in mitochondria and nucleus, accumulation of chromosome aberrations, cell cycle delay, and elevated sensitivity to DNA-damaging agents. A defective PrimPol has been suggested to be associated with the development of ophthalmic diseases, elevated mitochondrial toxicity of antiviral drugs and increased cell resistance to chemotherapy. Here, we describe a rare missense PrimPol variant V102A with altered biochemical properties identified in patients suffering from ovarian and cervical cancer. The Val102 to Ala substitution dramatically reduced both the primase and DNA polymerase activities of PrimPol as well as specifically decreased its ability to incorporate ribonucleotides. Structural analysis indicates that the V102A substitution can destabilize the hydrophobic pocket adjacent to the active site, affecting dNTP binding and catalysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number168542
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 1 2024


  • DNA translesion synthesis
  • PrimPol
  • active site
  • single nucleotide polymorphism
  • structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology


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