Process and outcome of preventive and promotive infant care have been evaluated in a maternal and child health (MCH) service and compared with that of a comprehensive care family practice (FP), both serving a low middle class population in West Jerusalem. Both services are provided by the Community Health Center of the Department of Social Medicine. Community oriented primary care is integrated into the practices, including ongoing surveillance of the communities' health status. Preventive and promotive programs have been developed, implemented and evaluated. The process evaluation indicated a similar use of the preventive service in the MCH and FP services. Some of the routines were carried out to a lesser extent in the FP than in the MCH framework, such as growth monitoring, hearing tests and advice on iron supplementation. The small difference in compliance with routines did not affect a child's growth between birth and one year of age, but the anemia rate in the FP practice was higher than in the MCH practice. The high level of care and relatively small differences in process and outcome between the two types of services have been achieved by ongoing inservice training, a high level of personnel, similar protocols and supervision in both practices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health