Process formation of the renal glomerular podocyte: Is there common molecular machinery for processes of podocytes and neurons?

Naoto Kobayashi, Shuang Yan Gao, Jie Chen, Kyoko Saito, Kyojy Miyawaki, Chun Yu Li, Lei Pan, Shouichiro Saito, Takehiro Terashita, Seiji Matsuda

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

The renal glomerular podocyte exhibits a highly arborized morphology. In comparison with the neuron, which is the best studied process-bearing cell, the podocyte major processes share many cell biological characteristics with neuronal dendrites. Both podocytes and neurons develop microtubule-based thick processes with branching morphology and both have thin actin-based projections (i.e. podocyte foot processes and dendritic spines). Formation of podocyte processes and neuronal dendrites depends on the assembly of microtubules. Because the assembly of microtubules is regulated by phosphorylation of microtubule-associated proteins, inhibition of protein phosphatases abolishes and inhibition of protein kinases promotes process formation. Podocytes and dendrites also share the machinery of intracellular traffic of membranous vesicles, as well as cytoskeletal elements, which is indispensable for the elongation of these processes. Furthermore, these two cell types share expression of various molecules working for signal transduction, transmembranous transport and intercellular contacts. Such common gene expression implies a similar transcriptional regulation in these cells. Concerning the formation of podocyte foot processes and dendritic branches, actin filaments are thought to play a central role in orchestrating the function of various molecules and the regulation of actin assembly is necessary to establish and maintain such sophisticated cellular architecture. The molecular mechanism of foot process formation seems to include Rho family small GTP-binding proteins, which are known to be responsible for the establishment of dendritic branching morphology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalAnatomical Science International
Volume79
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Actin filament
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Microtubule
  • Podocyte
  • Process formation
  • Renal glomerulus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy

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