Production and characterization of monoclonal antibodies to porcine immunoglobulin gamma, alpha, and light chains.

P. S. Paul, W. L. Mengeling, C. E. Malstrom, R. A. Van Deusen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Monoclonal antibodies (MAB) to porcine immunoglobulins were produced by fusion of SP2/0 cells with splenic lymphocytes of mice that had been immunized with porcine IgG or IgA. Of 16 MAB selected for detailed study, 13 reacted with heavy chains (7 anti-gamma, 6 anti-alpha) and 3 reacted with light chains of native immunoglobulin. Several of the same MAB (3 anti-gamma chain, 1 anti-alpha chain, 3 anti-light chain) also reacted with denatured immunoglobulin by use of immunoblotting analysis. Collective results of competitive ELISA, immunodiffusion, and immunoblotting analysis indicated that the 7 MAB of anti-gamma chain specificity were directed to 3 epitopes, the 6 MAB of anti-alpha chain specificity were directed to at least 2 epitopes, and the 3 MAB of anti-light chain specificity were directed to at least 2 epitopes that may have been located of different types of light chains. When tested by immunodiffusion with 5% polyethylene glycol incorporated in the agar matrix, all anti-gamma chain and antilight chain MAB, but no anti-alpha chain MAB, had precipitating activity. When polyethylene glycol was not used, only 4 MAB (all of the anti-gamma chain specificity and of IgM isotype) had precipitating activity. These MAB, with specificity for gamma and alpha chains and those reported earlier with mu-chain specificity, should be invaluable in the detection and quantification of porcine immunoglobulin isotypes. These MAB have potential applications in delineating the porcine immune response to selected immunogens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)471-479
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume50
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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