Supernatants collected from cisplatin-treated macrophages demonstrated enhanced cytotoxicity against actinomycin-D-treated L929 cells and also enhanced the thymocyte proliferation in response to concanavalin A, showing that cisplatin-treated macrophages release interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) into the culture supernatant. The supernatant collected from untreated macrophages showed little TNF and IL-1 activity. The release of TNF and IL-1 was observed to be dependent on the dose and duration of cisplatin treatment. Medium alone containing cisplatin did not enhance thymocyte proliferation and had little cytotoxic effect on actinomycin-D-treated L929 cells. Cisplatin-treated macrophage culture supernatants were chromatographed over a Superose 12 column on an FPLC system. TNF activity eluted in two major peaks with apparent molecular weights of 50-55 and 15-20 kilodaltons, respectively. The kinetics of IL-1 release was also studied. Maximum production and release of IL-1 were observed up to 24 h after cisplatin treatment and then gradually declined. Freeze-thaw lysates of cisplatin-treated macrophages also showed enhanced IL-1 activity. Paraformaldehyde (PFA)-fixed cisplatin-treated macrophages showed significantly enhanced cytotoxic activity against L929 cells as compared to PFA-fixed untreated macrophages. PFA-fixed cisplatin-treated macrophages also enhanced thymocyte proliferation. These results suggest that cisplatin treatment of murine macrophages also results in increased expression of membrane-associated lL- 1 and TNF activity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Natural Immunity and Cell Growth Regulation|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry