Sixty-one patients with relapsed Hodgkin's disease who had failed a mechlorethamine, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (MOPP)- and a doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD)-like regimen were treated with a high-dose combination chemotherapy containing cyclophosphamide, carmustine, and etoposide (CBV) and autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT). Fifty-nine patients were treated in relapse and two were intensified early in third remission. Following therapy, 29 patients (47%) were in complete remission (CR), 18 patients (30%) achieved a partial response (PR), and 14 patients (23%) had progressive disease (PD). Among the partial responders, six patients achieved a CR following addition of local radiation therapy to sites of residual nodal disease. For a minimum follow-up of 2 years, 23 patients (38%) are alive and free of disease. High-dose CBV therapy produced severe myelosuppression, and there were four (7%) treatment-related deaths. A multivariate analysis identified failure of more than two prior chemotherapy treatments and poor performance status as important adverse risk factors for survival. Patients who had no adverse risk factor and/or were intensified with CBV while Hodgkin's disease was still responding to conventional chemotherapy, had a CR rate of 63%, with 77% projected 3-year survival; whereas, all other patients had a CR rate of 31%, and a projected 3-year survival of only 18%. Our results demonstrated that CBV and ABMT can induce remission duration of 2 years or greater in a significant proportion of patients with relapsed Hodgkin's disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research