Purpose: Photoplethysmography permits continuous measurement of heart rate and peripheral oxygen saturation and has been widely used to inform clinical decisions. Recently, a myriad of noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring devices using this same technology have been increasingly available. This narrative review aims to summarize the principles that form the basis for the function of these devices as well as to comment on trials evaluating their accuracy and clinical application. Principal findings: Advanced monitoring devices extend photoplethysmography technology beyond measuring oxygen concentration and heart rate. Quantification of respiratory variation of the photoplethysmographic waveform reflects respiratory variation of the arterial pressure waveform and can be used to gauge volume responsiveness. Both the volume-clamp and physiocal techniques are extensions of conventional photoplethysmography and permit continuous measurement of finger arterial blood pressure. Finger arterial pressure waveforms can subsequently inform estimations of cardiac output. Conclusions: Although respiratory variations of the plethysmographic waveform correlate only modestly with the arterial blood pressure waveform, fluid responsiveness can be relatively consistently assessed using both approaches. Continuous blood pressure measurements obtained using the volume-clamp technique may be as accurate as conventional brachial noninvasive blood pressure measurements. Most importantly, clinical comparative effectiveness studies are still needed in order to determine if these technologies can be translated into improvement of relevant patient outcomes.
|Translated title of the contribution
|Advances in photoplethysmography: beyond arterial oxygen saturation
|Number of pages
|Canadian Journal of Anesthesia
|Published - Dec 1 2015
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine