Programming in Restrictive Housing: Considerations for Improving Outcome Evaluations

H. Daniel Butler, Starr Solomon, Ryan Spohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


A number of studies have identified “what works” in regard to the successful implementation of correctional programming over the past several decades. Few studies, however, have examined the complexities associated with programming in restrictive housing. Using data from a Midwestern department of corrections, we examined whether the provision of programming in restrictive housing achieved desired outcomes (e.g., reductions in inmate misconduct). The findings revealed the amount of time served in restrictive housing and confinement in different types of restrictive housing may influence estimations of a treatment effect. As a growing number of states seek to reform the use of restrictive housing, the proper implementation of cognitive-behavioral programming may increase institutional security and safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1174-1191
Number of pages18
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018


  • inmate misconduct
  • prisons
  • programming
  • restrictive housing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • General Psychology
  • Law


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