Propagation of ultrashort laser pulses through water

Jian Chao Li, Dennis R. Alexander, Hai Feng Zhang, Ufuk Parali, David W. Doerr, John Clark Bruce, Hao Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


In this paper, propagation of ultrashort pulses through a long 3.5 meter water channel was studied. Of particular interest was the attenuation of the beam at various lengths along the variable path length and to find an explanation of why the attenuation deviates from typical Beer Lambert law around 3 meters for ultrashort laser pulse transmission. Laser pulses of 10 fs at 75 MHz, 100 fs at 80 MHz and 300 fs at 1 KHz were employed to investigate the effects of pulse duration, spectrum and repetition rate on the attenuation after propagating through water up to 3 meters. Stretched pulse attenuation measurements produced from 10 fs at a frequency of 75 MHz were compared with the 10 fs attenuation measurements. Results indicate that the broad spectrum of the ultrashort pulse is the dominant reason for the observed decrease in attenuation after 3 meters of travel in a long water channel. The repetition rate is found not to play a significant role at least for the long pulse scenario in this reported attenuation studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1939-1945
Number of pages7
JournalOptics Express
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 19 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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