Properties of natural cellulose fibers from hop stems

Narendra Reddy, Yiqi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper reports the development of natural cellulose fibers from hop stems with properties similar to that of hemp. Hop stems are currently considered as byproducts and have limited applications. Since hop belongs to the genus cannabis that also includes hemp, it should be possible to obtain natural cellulose fibers from the stems of hop plants with properties similar to that of hemp. A simple alkaline extraction was used to obtain fibers from the bark of hop stems. Fibers obtained have high cellulose content, low% crystallinity but show good orientation of the cellulose crystals to the fiber axis. The strength and modulus of the fibers are lower but elongation is higher than that of hemp. Based on the properties of the fibers, we expect that the hop stem fibers will be suitable for use in textiles and composites similar to the common cellulose fibers currently in use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)898-902
Number of pages5
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2009

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Cellulose fibers
  • Extraction
  • Hop

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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