Introduction: Cholelithiasis is common in patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS). Prophylactic cholecystectomy (PC) of the non-diseased gallbladder has been recommended in SBS patients when laparotomy is being undertaken for other reasons. Our aim was to determine if PC is being utilized. Methods: 500 adults with SBS were seen over a 25 year period. 215 undergoing cholecystectomy prior to SBS were excluded, leaving 285 patients for evaluation. Results: 151 (53%) SBS patients underwent a subsequent laparotomy. 77 underwent cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis at the 1st opportunity. 27 patients underwent a PC at the 1st opportunity. 47 patients did not undergo PC at the 1st opportunity. 17 (36%) of these 47 patients subsequently developed cholelithiasis with 7 undergoing cholecystectomy. Age, gender, diagnosis and initial BMI and need for longterm parenteral nutrition were similar in patients who had PC or did not. PC patients were more likely to have intestinal remnant length <60 cm (59% vs 21%, p <.05). Conclusions: Overall 10% of SBS patients underwent PC. However, only 36% of eligible patients undergoing laparotomy had a PC.
- Short bowel syndrome
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