The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential effects of isomaltodextrin (IMD), a dietary saccharide polymer derived from enzymatically produced from starch, on the ability to alter immune response (IR) bias to hen egg ovalbumin (Ova) induced allergic inflammation in mice. Groups of Balb/c mice were pre-treated with various doses of IMD in drinking water (1.0, 2.5, and 5.0% w/v) for 6 weeks and subsequently sensitized to the Ova together with continuous administration of IMD. To evaluate changes in immune response bias, immunoglobulin isotype-associated antibody activity, concentrations of type 1 and 2 cytokines and the percentage of T-regulatory cells (T-regs) in blood were measured. Clinical signs of allergy were assessed after oral challenge with Ova. Treatment with IMD did not significantly alter the frequency of clinical signs, however there was a trend in the overall reduction of clinical signs. Effect on IR bias was observed in the treatment groups as reflected by reduction in a type 1-biased phenotype as evident by decrease in isotype-specific IgE, IgG and increase in IL-12 cytokine production and a high proportion of T-regs. This study revealed that IMD could be a useful prophylactic candidate for alteration of allergic IR bias in mice and an immune-stimulator for reducing egg induced allergic reactions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health