Prosthetic closure of the esophageal hiatus in large hiatal hernia repair and laparoscopic antireflux surgery

F. A. Granderath, M. A. Carlson, J. K. Champion, A. Szold, N. Basso, R. Pointner, C. T. Frantzides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

117 Scopus citations


Background: Laparoscopy has become the standard surgical approach to both surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease and large/paraesophageal hiatal hernia repair with excellent long-term results and high patient satisfaction. However, several studies have shown that laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair is associated with high recurrence rates. Therefore, some authors recommend the use of prosthetic meshes for either laparoscopic large hiatal hernia repair or laparoscopic antireflux surgery. The aim of this article was to review available studies regarding the evolution, different techniques, results, and future perspectives concerning the use of prosthetic materials for closure of the esophageal hiatus. Methods: A search of electronic databases, including Medline and Embase, was performed to identify available articles regarding prosthetic hiatal closure for large hiatal or paraesophageal hernia repair and/or laparoscopic antireflux surgery. Techniques and results as well as recurrence rates and complications related to the use of prosthetics for hiatal closure were reviewed and compared. Additionally, recent experiences and recommendations of experienced experts in this field were collected. Results: The results of 42 studies were analyzed in this review. Some techniques of mesh hiatal closure were evaluated; however, most authors prefer posterior mesh cruroplasty. The type and shape of hiatal meshes vary from small angular meshes to A-shaped, V-shaped, or complete circular meshes. The most frequently utilized materials are polypropylene, polytetrafluoroethylene, or dual meshes. All studies show a low rate of postoperative hernia recurrence, with no mortality and low morbidity. In particular, comparative studies including two prospective randomized trials comparing simple sutured hiatal closure to prosthetic hiatal closure show a significantly lower rate of postoperative hiatal hernia recurrence and/or intrathoracic wrap migration in patients who underwent prosthetic hiatal closure. Conclusions: Laparoscopic large hiatal/paraesophageal hernia repair with prosthetic meshes as well as laparoscopic antireflux surgery with prosthetic hiatal closure are safe and effective procedures to prevent hiatal hernia recurrence and/or postoperative intrathoracic wrap migration, with low complication rates. The type of mesh, particularly the size and shape, is still controversial and is a matter for future research in this field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-379
Number of pages13
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2006


  • Hiatal closure
  • Hiatal hernia recurrence
  • Intrathoracic wrap migration
  • Laparoscopic antireflux surgery
  • Laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair
  • Mesh
  • Prosthetic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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