Proteasomal and lysosomal protein degradation and heart disease

Xuejun Wang, Jeffrey Robbins

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the cell, the proteasome and lysosomes represent the most important proteolytic machineries, responsible for the protein degradation in the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) and autophagy, respectively. Both the UPS and autophagy are essential to protein quality and quantity control. Alterations in cardiac proteasomal and lysosomal degradation are remarkably associated with most heart disease in humans and are implicated in the pathogenesis of congestive heart failure. Studies carried out in animal models and in cell culture have begun to establish both sufficiency and, in some cases, the necessity of proteasomal functional insufficiency or lysosomal insufficiency as a major pathogenic factor in the heart. This review article highlights some recent advances in the research into proteasome and lysosome protein degradation in relation to cardiac pathology and examines the emerging evidence for enhancing degradative capacities of the proteasome and/or lysosome as a new therapeutic strategy for heart disease. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Protein Quality Control, the Ubiquitin Proteasome System, and Autophagy".

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-24
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume71
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autophagy
  • Heart disease
  • Lysosome
  • Proteasome
  • Ubiquitin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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