Intraocular infection with herpes simplex virus type I strain F (HSV-1) induces bilateral retinitis, the expression of both MHC class I and II molecules and activation of CD4 and CD8 cells. To investigate the role of MHC upregulation in IFN-gamma mediated antiviral effects in intraocular infection with HSV-1, we infected MHC deficient mice and mice with an additional ectopic site of IFN-gamma production in their retina (rho gamma) intravitreally with HSV-1 into one eye. Protective effects of IFN-gamma in intraocular HSV-1 infection were notable as sparing of the contralateral non-inoculated eye from retinitis, and were not dependent on MHC class I and class II expression, thus limiting the importance of MHC expression for the outcome of viral infection in vivo.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience