Psychopathy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Psychopathy is a developmental disorder associated with increased risk of instrumental and reactive aggression and with chronic and violent antisocial behavior in both youth and adults. Individuals with psychopathy show specific impairments in stimulus-reinforcement learning, emotional processing, and moral decision making. These deficits have been tied to dysfunctional amygdala response and to problems appropriately representing reinforcement expectancies in ventromedial prefrontal cortex. While treatment recommendations are currently sparse, recent work has shown that previous assessments of treatment amenability in this population may have been overly pessimistic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages451-456
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Antisocial behavior
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Callous-unemotional traits
  • Conduct disorder
  • Psychopathy
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

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  • Cite this

    White, S. F., & Blair, J. R. (2015). Psychopathy. In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition (pp. 451-456). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.56032-2