Purging of human breast cancer cells from stem cell products with an adenovirus containing p53

Manabu Hirai, Linda S. Kelsey, Mei Vaillancourt, Daniel C. Maneval, Tsutomu Watanabe, James E. Talmadge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Tumor cell contamination of stem cell products can contribute to tumor relapse following high-dose chemotherapy and stem cell rescue. Numerous techniques have been used to remove the tumor cells from stem cell products with the objective of prolonging relapse-free survival. However, to date these techniques have been relatively ineffectual and/or toxic to hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. The differential infectivity of adenovirus (Adv) vectors for breast cancer cells, compared with hematopoietic cells, has suggested that Adv-p53 might provide an effective purging strategy. To facilitate the use of Adv-p53 as a clinical strategy, we undertook studies to determine the parameters necessary for optimal stem cell product purging. The parameters studied were the particle number to nucleated cell ratio, the duration of coincubation, the incubation volume, and the presence or absence of hematopoietic progenitor cells. We have found that these parameters are interdependent and conclude that a 4-hour coincubation with an Adv-p53 particle to nucleated cell ratio of 2000:1 with 2 x 108 nucleated cells/mL is optimal for tumor cell purging. Furthermore, this appeared to be a safe procedure, with total loss of clonogenic growth of breast cancer cells as well as no significant effect on progenitor cell function as determined by granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming unit assays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-206
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Gene Therapy
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000


  • Adenovirus
  • Breast cancer
  • Clonogenic growth
  • Purging
  • p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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