Purification, characterization, and submitochondrial localization of the 32-kilodalton NADH dehydrogenase from maize

Andrew F. Knudten, Jay J. Thelen, Michael H. Luethy, Thomas E. Elthon

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14 Scopus citations


Plant mitochondria have the unique ability to directly oxidize exogenous NAD(P)H. We recently separated two NAD(P)H dehydrogenase activities from maize (Zea mays L.) mitochondria using anion-exchange (Mono Q) chromatography. The first peak of activity oxidized only NADH, whereas the second oxidized both NADH and NADPH. In this paper we describe the purification of the first peak of activity to a 32-kD protein. Polyclonal antibodies to the 32-kD protein were used to show that it was present in mitochondria from several plant species. Two-dimensional gel analysis of the 32-kD NADH dehydrogenase indicated that it consisted of two major and one minor isoelectric forms. Immunoblot analysis of submitochondrial fractions indicated that the 32-kD protein was enriched in the soluble protein fraction after mitochondrial disruption and fractionation; however, some association with the membrane fraction was observed. The membrane-impermeable protein cross-linking agent 3,3′-dithiobis-(sulfosuccinimidylpropionate) was used to further investigate the submitochondrial location of the 32-kD NADH dehydrogenase. The 32-kD protein was localized to the outer surface of the inner mitochondrial membrane or to the intermembrane space. The pH optimum for the enzyme was 7.0. The activity was found to be severely inhibited by p-chloromercuribenzoic acid, mersalyl, and dicumarol, and stimulated somewhat by flavin mononucleotide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1115-1122
Number of pages8
JournalPlant physiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science


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