Quality of surgical care in liver and small-bowel transplant: Approach to risk assessment and antibiotic prophylaxis

Valeriya V. Kettelhut, Trevor Van Schooneveld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

In August 2002, The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention implemented the National Surgical Infection Prevention project. The goal of the project was to decrease the morbidity and mortality associated with postoperative surgical site infections through appropriate selection and timing of administration and discontinuation of prophylactic antimicrobials. The National Surgical Infection Prevention project, however, excluded transplant surgeries from its focus because of the lack of randomized clinical trials comparing antimicrobial agents. The goals of this article are to (1) provide a framework for risk factors associated with surgical site infections in liver, small-bowel, and multivisceral transplants; (2) review general principles of the appropriate antimicrobial prophylaxis; (3) provide a framework for developing a triage of liver, small-bowel, and multivisceral transplant candidates for appropriate antibiotic prophylaxis; and (4) develop an approach to further quality improvements in transplant surgical care. A multidisciplinary team produced recommendations for antibacterial prophylaxis and monitoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)320-328
Number of pages9
JournalProgress in Transplantation
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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