A method has been developed to determine residual protein in refined oils, a potential trigger of allergic reactions. High-pH bicarbonate or borate buffers were found to be the most effective extractants, residual oil protein comprising a mixture of proteins of Mr 6000-100000. Extracted protein could be quantified with superior precision using 3-(4-carboxybenzoyl) quinolone-2-carboxaldehyde (CBQCA). Residual protein content determined in a set of oils using the borate extraction-CBQCA assay was positively correlated with contents determined using a bicarbonate-total amino acid analysis method. Oil refining substantially reduced the oil protein content determined by the borate-CBQCA assay with neutralized/refined, bleached, and deodorized (fully refined) oils containing 62-265 ng/g oil, whereas crude un-degummed oils contained 86000-87900 ng/g of protein. These analyses and published data on cumulative threshold doses for soybean suggest that even the most sensitive individuals would need to consume at least 50 g of highly refined oil to experience subjective symptoms.
- food allergy
- soybean oil
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)