Quantitation of porcine cytokine and beta 2-microglobulin mRNA expression by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction

N. R.Jayagopala Reddy, Bruce N. Wilkie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations


A quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (Q-RT-PCR) method was developed to measure pig cytokine mRNA expression. The method utilized an internal control with primer sequences for interleukin (IL)-1α, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, TNF-β, interferon (IFN)-γ and beta-2 microglobulin (β2-m). The control was modified by insertion of sequences for IL-12 (p35 and p40). Pig blood mononuclear cells (BMCs) were stimulated in vitro with phytohemagglutinin-P (PHA-P) or bacterial lipopolysaccharide and cytokine or β2-m mRNA quantified. To evaluate method performance and the use of β2-m as a housekeeping gene (HKG), β2-m mRNA expression was examined. Quantitative analysis was achieved at up to threefold differences between control and target for β2-m. Results were reproducible with coefficients of variations (CVs) ranging between 12.5% and 22.4%. There were no significant differences in β2-m mRNA between treated and untreated cells or between untreated cells of three pigs (p≥0.05) suggesting that β2-m can be used as a HKG. The method allows quantitation of multiple cytokine mRNAs using a single internal control subjecting target and control to the same conditions throughout the Q-RT-PCR. The system is versatile since the control plasmid can be modified by insertion or deletion of sequences. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-93
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunological Methods
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jan 13 2000



  • Beta 2-microglobulin
  • Cytokine
  • Porcine
  • Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this