Quantitative genotyping to estimate genetic contributions to pooled samples and genetic merit of the contributing entities

B. P. Kinghorn, J. W.M. Bastiaansen, D. C. Ciobanu, H. A.M. van der STEEN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genotyping required to track family membership in aquaculture breeding programs is reduced dramatically by estimating the contributions of different families to pooled samples of tissue. This approach is relevant to widely differing scenarios involving animals, plants, and microbes. For the family membership scenario, SNP markers are genotyped for the contributing families' parents, and quantitatively genotyped to estimate allele frequencies within the mixed-family pooled tissue. Results are used to infer proportional contributions of the different families to the pool. Different computational strategies were tested for bias and sampling error. A correlation of 99% between estimated and true genetic contributions was achieved using 20 (50) randomly chosen SNPs at a standard error of allele frequency estimates of 0.01 (0.02). Optimal grouping of families and choice of markers further increases performance markedly. Trait means and distributions of families can be quite accurately estimated by tissue sampling across the range of trait values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-12
Number of pages10
JournalActa Agriculturae Scandinavica A: Animal Sciences
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Genetic contribution
  • Marker
  • Quantitative genotyping
  • SNP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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