Quantum teleportation with one classical bit

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Abstract

Quantum teleportation allows one to transmit an arbitrary qubit from point A to point B using a pair of (pre-shared) entangled qubits and classical bits of information. The conventional protocol for teleportation uses two bits of classical information and assumes that the sender has access to only one copy of the arbitrary qubit to be sent. Here, we ask whether we can do better than two bits of classical information if the sender has access to multiple copies of the qubit to be teleported. We place no restrictions on the qubit states. Consequently, we propose a modified quantum teleportation protocol that allows Alice to reset the state of the entangled pair to its initial state using only local operations. As a result, the proposed teleportation protocol requires the transmission of only one classical bit with a probability greater than one-half. This has implications for efficient quantum communications and the security of quantum cryptographic protocols based on quantum entanglement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3392
JournalScientific reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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