Racial Disparities in Diabetes Management Outcomes: Evidence from a Remote Patient Monitoring Program for Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Jennifer A. Andersen, Dylan Scoggins, Tzeyu Michaud, Neng Wan, Ming Wen, Dejun Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Despite growing documentation of the efficacy of telemedicine in diabetes management, racial disparities in telemedicine-facilitated diabetes management remain underexplored. This study examined disparities in diabetes management outcomes between black and white patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in a remote monitoring program. Methods: The analysis sample included 914 white T2D patients and 365 black T2D patients in Nebraska who completed a 3-month remote patient monitoring and coaching after hospital discharge from 2014 to 2017. Ordinary least squares regression was estimated to examine racial differences in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and logistic regression was used to determine the odds of HbA1c > 9% at the end of the program, controlling for demographics, baseline health conditions, and patient activation and engagement with the program. Results: The proportion of white patients with HbA1c > 9% was reduced from 16% at the baseline to 7% at program completion, and the corresponding reduction among black patients was from 30% to 18%. After adjusting for the effects of baseline HbA1c and other covariates, the average HbA1c among black patients at the end of the program was 0.23 points higher than that among white patients (p < 0.01), and the adjusted odds of black patients having HbA1c > 9% was 1.68 times that of white patients (95% confidence interval [1.07-2.63]). Discussion: The remote patient monitoring and coaching program reduced the absolute gap between black and white T2D patients. However, substantial racial disparities in HbA1c still remained at the end of the program and warranted further research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-61
Number of pages7
JournalTelemedicine and e-Health
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

Keywords

  • e-health
  • home monitoring
  • telehealth
  • telemedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management

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