Radiation therapy for pineal parenchymal tumor of intermediate differentiation: A case series and literature review

Cassie Liu, Joseph Carmicheal, Michael J. Baine, Chi Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pineal parenchymal tumor of intermediate differentiation (PPTID) is a rare, primary tumor of the pineal gland. Due to its rarity, there is no consensus on optimal therapeutic strategies or standard characterization of the tumor’s behavior. Here, we report 2 new cases of PPTID and an extensive review of the literature involving the use and extent of radiation therapy. Patient 1 is a 54-year-old male who presented with PPTID and drop metastases in the spinal cord, received cranial spinal irradiation (CSI), and experienced recurrence 3.5 years after treatment. Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) helped the patient into remission for 9 months. Patient 2 is a 32-year-old male with a local PPTID at presentation who went on to receive surgical resection followed by focused adjuvant radiation therapy to the pineal tumor bed. He then presented 6 years after treatment with extensive disseminated recurrence and died due to leptomeningeal disease (LMD) about 4 years after recurrence. The available literature on PPTID is limited and reported cases of LMD with ongoing follow-up in PPTID are scarce. Our report adds to the current known PPTID cases, contributing to the information available regarding prognosis and treatment response. Although an optimal therapeutic strategy for PPTID still cannot be determined, data from the literature suggest that utilizing radiation therapy in patients with low-risk disease and gross total resections as well as the use of upfront CSI have the potential to improve patient progression and survival outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Central Nervous System Disease
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

Keywords

  • case report
  • case series
  • cranial spinal irradiation
  • cranial spinal irradiation
  • pineal parenchymal tumor of intermediate differentiation
  • pineal parenchymal tumor of intermediate differentiation
  • radiation therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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