Since 1990, management options available for children with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) have included radiofrequency catheter ablation (RCA). To determine the efficacy and safety of the procedure and to maintain a database for long-term follow-up, the Pediatric Electrophysiology Society began a Pediatric RCA Registry on January 1, 1991, to which 46 centers have submitted data from 4,135 total children and adolescents (patient age 0.1 to 20.9 years) who underwent 4,651 RCAs (through September 15, 1996). Of the 88% with a structurally normal heart, PSVT mechanisms (n = 4,030) included 3,110 accessory pathways and 920 atrioventricular node reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) during 3,653 procedures for 3,277 patients. During the 7 years of the Registry, analysis of indications for the procedure has shown a gradual shift. During the first with 29% and 58%, respectively, for the years 1995 to 1996 (p <0.005). Registry results were: 90% immediate success for accessory pathways (95% for left lateral; 87% for Septal; 86% for right free wall) and 96% for AVNRT; mean fluoroscopy time 47.6 ± 40 SD minutes; procedure time 257 ± 157 SD minutes; major complication rate at the time of the procedure 3.2%. Procedure-related deaths included I immediate and 3 at 2, 12 and 68 weeks after the procedure (2 were infants). Follow-up revealed 77% and 71% freedom from recurrence at 3 years for accessory pathways AVNRT, respectively, and rare (< 1%) detection of additional complications. RCA has evolved into a standard management option for PSVT in children with a structurally normal heart. RCA for children and adolescents should be recommended after consideration of the procedural risk/benefit compared with that of other management options, the natural history, and individual tolerance/symptoms related to PSVT.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine