radioGWAS links radiome to genome to discover driver genes with somatic mutations for heterogeneous tumor image phenotype in pancreatic cancer

Dandan Zheng, Paul M. Grandgenett, Qi Zhang, Michael Baine, Yu Shi, Qian Du, Xiaoying Liang, Jeffrey Wong, Subhan Iqbal, Kiersten Preuss, Ahsan Kamal, Hongfeng Yu, Huijing Du, Michael A. Hollingsworth, Chi Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Addressing the significant level of variability exhibited by pancreatic cancer necessitates the adoption of a systems biology approach that integrates molecular data, biological properties of the tumors, medical images, and clinical features of the patients. In this study, a comprehensive multi-omics methodology was employed to examine a distinctive collection of patient dataset containing rapid autopsy tumor and normal tissue samples as well as longitudinal imaging with a focus on pancreatic cancer. By performing a whole exome sequencing analysis on tumor and normal tissues to identify somatic gene variants and a radiomic feature analysis to tumor CT images, the genome-wide association approach established a connection between pancreatic cancer driver genes and relevant radiomic features, enabling a thorough and quantitative assessment of the heterogeneity of pancreatic tumors. The significant association between sets of genes and radiomic features revealed the involvement of genes in shaping tumor morphological heterogeneity. Some results of the association established a connection between the molecular level mechanism and their outcomes at the level of tumor structural heterogeneity. Because tumor structure and tumor structural heterogeneity are related to the patients’ overall survival, patients who had pancreatic cancer driver gene mutations with an association to a certain radiomic feature have been observed to experience worse survival rates than cases without these somatic mutations. Furthermore, the association analysis has revealed potential gene mutations and radiomic feature candidates that warrant further investigation in future research endeavors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12316
JournalScientific reports
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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