Raman detection of the superconducting gap in Ba-Y-Cu-O superconductors

K. B. Lyons, S. H. Liou, M. Hong, H. S. Chen, J. Kwo, T. J. Negran

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We have utilized an iodine absorption cell to enable detailed Raman studies at low frequency (down to 15 cm-1) in a thin film of the high-temperature superconductor Ba2YCu3O7. Subtraction of spectra just above and well into the superconducting phase reveals a weak broad feature (maximum near 400 cm-1, half width at half maximum approximately 250 cm-1), which we tentatively interpret as due to scattering near the superconducting gap. The large width of the feature may be partially related to smearing of the transition, or to gap anisotropy. Its onset near 200 cm-1 suggests an energy gap 2 near 25 meV. Assuming that the surface region probed in the scattering has the same Tc as that measured for the overall film (onset 85 K), we obtain the ratio r=2kBTc=3.41.5, consistent with the BCS weak-coupling value of 3.5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5592-5594
Number of pages3
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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