Rapid and sustained GluA1 S845 phosphorylation in synaptic and extrasynaptic locations in the rat forebrain following amphetamine administration

Bing Xue, Matthew C. Edwards, Li Min Mao, Ming Lei Guo, Dao Zhong Jin, Eugene E. Fibuch, John Q. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor is a major ionotropic glutamate receptor subtype in the mammalian brain. Like other glutamate receptors, the AMPA receptor is regulated by phosphorylation. By phosphorylating specific serine resides in AMPA receptor subunits (GluA1 and GluA2), various protein kinases regulate subcellular/subsynaptic expression and function of the receptor. In this study, we conducted a time course study to evaluate the temporal property of responses of phosphorylation at those sites to dopamine stimulation with the psychostimulant amphetamine in the adult rat striatum and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in vivo. We focused on biochemically-enriched AMPA receptors from synaptic and extrasynaptic compartments. We found that acute injection of amphetamine induced a rapid and relatively sustained increase in GluA1 S845 phosphorylation at both synaptic and extrasynaptic sites in the striatum. Similar results were observed in the mPFC. In contrast to S845, amphetamine did not induce a significant change in GluA1 S831 phosphorylation in synaptic and extrasynaptic pools in the striatum and mPFC. GluA2 S880 phosphorylation in synaptic and extrasynaptic fractions in the two brain regions also remained stable in response to amphetamine. These results support S845 to be a principal site on AMPA receptors sensitive to acute stimulant exposure. Its phosphorylation levels are rapidly upregulated by amphetamine in the two defined subsynaptic microdomains (synaptic versus extrasynaptic locations) in striatal and cortical neurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalNeurochemistry International
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Addiction
  • Basal ganglia
  • Dopamine
  • Excitatory amino acid
  • GluR
  • Glutamate
  • Prefrontal cortex
  • Striatum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

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